Development of the Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan for the Municipality of Tinos
Planning is the first step in designing an ISWM system. During Activity 2.1, the development of the Integrated Solid Waste Management plan took place considering, to a large extend, the methodology provided by the Environmental Protection Agency as presented in the following figure.
Planning process considerations of an ISWM system
Initially, the scope of the ISWM plan is being set by defining (a) the type of waste considered in the plan and (b) the areas for which the plan will be developed. The ISWM plan is targeted for Municipal Solid Waste and more specifically for household waste as well as commercial, industrial and institutional waste which resemble to household waste. Additionally, the areas that have been selected for the development of the ISWM Plan and the implementation of the ISWM System is Pyrgos Village (Panormos) and Ormos of Panormos located at the north part of Tinos Island as shown below. Panormos (Pyrgos) and Ormos of Panormos are both belong to the Municipal Unit of Panormos, according to the Kallikrates Program. Panormos is only two miles away from Pyrgos, and it’s the so called “summer place” for natives. Many locals that live in Pyrgos, own a small summer house in Ormos of Panormos.
Selected Participating Communities in the ISWM-System
These two communities were selected since they are the only consistent and distinct areas which fulfil the population criterion of 100 households i.e approximately 400 inhabitants, as opposed to the rest areas in Tinos island (including Tinos Chora which was suggested in the initial proposal). Furthermore, Pyrgos has permanent population for all the months of the year. Moreover, the inhabitants have recent experience in managing local affairs and relevantly high participation rates and cooperation are generally anticipated.
The organization of the ISWM plan framework involves the planning of a source separation scheme of different MSW fractions and the effective processing of the segregated streams. The MSW fractions that will be source separated include biowaste, paper, glass, plastic, metal while the selected grouping of MSW streams segregated for collection is given below, based on the expected effectiveness of the separate collection and the subsequent processing efficiency of the materials.
Grouping of MSW streams on ISWM-Plan
Between the different source separation methods that are being commonly applied in EU, the curbside collection system was considered more appropriate for the areas under examination due to the specific characteristics of the selected communities. The curbside collection system that will be applied in Pyrgos and Ormos of Panormos communities shall include the source separation of (a) biowaste, (b) paper & paperboard, (c) glass and (d) plastics & metals (joint collection) at household, commercial, institutional or industrial level using appropriate equipment for each one of the above mentioned MSW fractions. The determination of the type, number and capacity of the required equipment is related to the waste production activity. The participants shall dispose the segregated materials to each of the corresponding collection bins which shall be appropriately positioned at public areas aiming to effectively cover the examined community in terms of MSW collection. At regulated frequency a waste collection vehicle shall collect and transport the segregated materials to designated areas for storage or processing. More specifically, biowaste will be transported to the in-vessel composting unit and treated on-site for the production of usable high quality compost whereas the dry recyclables will be stored in containers and delivered to an appropriate recycling sorting facility in Attica region in order to be forwarded and effectively recovered by the corresponding industry sectors.
In the framework of Activity 2.1, Deliverable 2-1 entitled: ISWM-Plan for the participating communities in ISWM-System has been prepared.
You can download Deliverable 2-1 here.
Moreover, in order to investigate the willingness of the participants, a questionnaire in Greek has been prepared and was completed by the inhabitants of the proposed selected communities. The questionnaire is presented in Deliverable 2.2. The questionnaire was structured upon four (4) themes including personal data of the respondent, household data, questions regarding recycling and questions regarding composting. In total, 77 questionnaires were completed. Based on the results of the questionnaires, the public showed great willingness to participate in the ISWM-System. In particular, 94% of the respondents replied positively to the participation on the ISWM-TINOS project.
You can download Deliverable 2-2 here.