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Activity 1.3

Literature review on success stories of applied Integrated Solid Waste Management systems for MSW and on evaluation methodologies of such systems. Assessment and evaluation of the key parameters for the successful implementation of best scenarios

Activity 1.3 refers to the analysis of success stories on applied ISWM. During this activity, various concepts and case studies combining different collection schemes, waste treatment alternatives as well as disposal practices is foreseen to be analysed and assessed focused on areas in Europe (small to medium municipalities) that have similar characteristics with the Municipality of Tinos. It is also in the scope of this Activity to identify the key successful factors from the different case studies. The identification of the effect of potential success factors and parameters will be useful, in order to realize why the implementation of systems was proven to be highly efficient and successful. Moreover, a literature survey on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies of composting and anaerobic digestion units is also envisaged in this Activity.

In the framework of Activity 1.3, Deliverable 1-3 entitled: A report on the evaluation of success stories on applied ISWM systems for MSW, and Deliverable 1-4 entitled: A report on LCA studies for composting and anaerobic digestion units were prepared.

Deliverable 1-3

This report details a comprehensive literature review covering various case studies of applied Integrated Solid Waste Management schemes for MSW. ISWM systems combine all the management steps from generation to final disposal in order to handle effectively the solid waste and protect human health, as well as the natural environment. Several adopted ISWM approaches and case studies encompassing different collection schemes, waste treatment practices and disposal methods have been studied and assessed. The research is focused on regions that have similar characteristics with the Municipality of Tinos (small to medium municipalities). For the conduction of this report, more 35 case studies were considered. From the total of these case studies, 11 were chosen to be further presented and discussed. The criteria for the final selection were: the relevance with the main objective of ISWM-TINOS project, the successful implementation of the selected ISWM schemes and the available information on the case studies examined. It was observed that an ISWM plan should have a flexible design as these conditions are likely to change over time and vary by location.

The report has been completed on time and it was conducted in English language.

You can download Deliverable 1-3 here.

You can download the extended summary in Greek here.

Deliverable 1-4

This report includes a variety of LCA studies for aerobic and anaerobic treatment. Each study corresponds to a specific case. The two general categories of studies are: studies for composting and studies for anaerobic treatment. These categories analyzed by themselves and compared with other waste management as landfill, incineration in order to result to the benefits and the burdens of each method. In general, based on the present deliverable anaerobic digestion is more complex and expensive than the composting process which demands larger area than anaerobic digestion. Furthermore, composting process is a net energy consumer, while the anaerobic digestion process is a net energy producer. Based on the results from LCA studies it was observed that the environmental impacts of aerobic composting are strongly depended on compost facility management practices for maintaining aerobic conditions while LCA are also very dependent on offsets. Regarding anaerobic digestion, results from LCA studies revealed a high dependency on to the amount of methane produced for use as energy offset. Comparing the results form LCA studies on composting and anaerobic digestion treatment units with landfilling, the later has greater impact on the greenhouse effect.

The report has been completed on time and it was conducted in English language.

You can download Deliverable 1-4 here.

You can download the extended summary in Greek here.